2.0.CO;2, "Husbandry Guidelines For The Common Eland", "A long‐standing Pleistocene refugium in southern Africa and a mosaic of refugia in East Africa: insights from mtDNA and the common eland antelope", "The Living Africa: Wildlife – Bovid Family – Common Eland", "Taurotragus oryx (Common eland)-Ontogeny and Reproduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_eland&oldid=985311716, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Distribution of the common eland over the, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:44. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. [3], Housing common elands is difficult due to their ability to jump over fences as high as 3 metres (9.8 ft) or simply break through using their substantial mass. Weights range from 300-600kg (660-1,320lb) for females. Down their sides are vertical white stripes. Predators of the eland include lions, wild dogs, cheetahs and spotted hyenas. During the heat of the day they rest. Etymology. The calves start befriending each other and stay back in the nursery group while the mother returns to the female group. Standing at 76 inches (1.7 meters) at shoulder-height, makes it the largest Southern African antelope. If it available they will drink water though. When a predator is spotted the bull in the group will bark and walk back and forth to alert other elands of the danger. They also use their horns to break off branches that are hard to reach. Relatively large numbers of common eland now live on private land, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, reflecting its value as a trophy animal. [22][23], Common elands are nomadic and crepuscular. Eland Facts: The Common Eland, or Southern Eland, (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. Both species have a pair of tightly spiraled horns coming out of the head. Bullets, however, can and do fail in practice. Common elands have also been widely domesticated in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Kenya, as well as in Russia and Ukraine.[32][33]. 73 Year Old Alaskan Scores a 73 inch Giant – A Record Breaking Alaskan Bull Moose. The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. [26] Their need for water is quite low because they produce urine with a high-urea content, but they require a substantial grazing area, along with salt licks and large amounts of supplementary foods like maize, sorghum, melons and beans which can be expensive. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. The common eland is crepuscular. It measures 135 4/8″. Mainly an herbivore, its diet is primarily grasses and leaves. [12], Their coat differs geographically, with elands in northern part of their range having distinctive markings (torso stripes, markings on legs, dark garters and a spinal crest) that are absent in the south. [27], Common elands are resistant to trypanosomiasis, a protozoan infection that has the tsetse fly as a vector, but not to the Rhipicephalus-transmitted disease theileriosis. 2) If you want a trophy and you have the money and you have not shot one before then go for the 400 kg bull but don't expect soft succulent meat. Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. If you pick up a fresh bull spoor in the early morning, your chances of catching up to him in the late afternoon are quite good. It uses loud barks, visual and postural movements and the flehmen response to communicate and warn others of danger. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22055A50196938.en. Their home range is between 200 and 400km2 (77.2-154.4mi2) for females and their young with males having smaller ranges of about 50km2 (19.3mi2). It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. [23] The dominant male can mate with more than one female. The flehmen response also occurs, primarily in males in response to contact with female urine or genitals. However, they can maintain a 22 kilometres (14 mi) per hour trot indefinitely. At the shoulder they stand 150-183cm (59-72in) tall). Apart from the rough black mane their coat is smooth. Sometimes, wild eland will break through enclosures to mix with domesticated ones. Here they can be found in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and South Africa. We’ll blame it on the post-baby weight. [3] If eland bulls find any of their predators nearby, they will bark and attempt to attract the attention of others by trotting back and forth until the entire herd is conscious of the danger. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb),[11] are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. The first members of the tribe Tragelaphini appear 6 million years in the past during the late Miocene. IUCN Conservation Status: Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern (LR/lc). Males are larger than females measuring 240-345cm (59-72in) from the snout to the start of the tail. Eland are also hosts to several kinds of ticks. I've seen too many good hits with 300-grain bullets carrying in excess of 3,000 f-p energy fail to knock … It is 2–4 hours before a female allows a male to mount. Non-hunting guests may accompany the hunter for an additional $100 per day which covers lodging, meals and amenities as well. Bull eland can grow to 5’6” at the shoulder. Common eland are found throughout Southern Africa. The eland is the largest of a number of related species, characterized by spiralling horns and vertical cream-coloured stripes along the flanks and haunches. Once the leaves start to turn and the air gets a bit more crisp, thousands of hunters find themselves in the Alaskan backcountry in hopes of finding a legal bull moose to fill their freezers, let alone a record breaking Alaskan bull moose to remember for years to come. They roam in herds of up to 500. On top of a males head their fur is quite dense. It is a species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus. While the common eland's population is decreasing, it is classified as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). At the tip of the tail is a tuft of black fur. The disease-causing bacteria Theileria taurotragi has caused many eland deaths. Females have a complex linear hierarchy. That enormous male had only one horn, the other having been broken maybe in a fight with another male opponent. On some occasions males will engage in fights using their horns. They are commonly found in herds of up to 500, with individual members remaining in the herd anywhere from several hours to several months. [3][20][23] The eland can conserve water by increasing its body temperature. Herds of eland will often associate with. [26], Females are sexually mature at 15–36 months and males at 4–5 years. It was borrowed earlier as ellan (French) in the 1610s or Elend (German). The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. It is the second largest antelope in the world, being slightly smaller on average than the giant eland. [1] Most of these populations appear to be stable. They also communicate through the smells in their urine. The conclusions strongly supported the presence of a longer-standing population in the south and a mosaic of Pleistocene refugia in the east. He can weigh in at over 2 000 pounds. The majority of their diet is made up of high protein succulent leaves from flowering plants. The average male eland weight is between a whopping 400 and 940 kilograms.. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The pleasant-tasting milk has a butterfat content of 11-17% and can be stored for up to eight months if properly prepared, versus several days for cow milk. The places inhabited by elands generally contain Acacia, Combretum, Commiphora, Diospyros, Grewia, Rhus and Ziziphus trees and shrubs; some of these also serve as their food. A large old bull can weigh in at over 900Kg (2000lbs). The common eland is sometimes farmed and hunted for its meat, and in some cases can be better used than cattle because it is more suited to African climates. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. Page 2 of 16. An average weight for a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 492kg (882-2,077lb). They are spiral-horned antelopes. This results in fights between males, in which their hard horns are used. [6], The name 'eland' is Dutch for "elk" or "moose". Currently, common elands are not endangered. They need less water than normal cows and the milk produced is richer in milkfat. Twycross Zoo Rhino Has a Party for His Third Birthday, Watch as Toronto Zoo Zebra Foal is Born on Video, Mini Monkeys are the Latest Arrivals at Chester Zoo. Their size makes the eland the slowest antelope, with a max speed of 40 mph; despite their “lack” of speed they can actually jump 9ft. [3] Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Both sexes have a signature square profile – accentuated in the bull by a large dewlap – and straight horns that are longer and narrower in the female. [3], In 2010, a genetic study was made basing on the evolutionary history of common elands. Description: The Largest of the African antelope, an adult eland bull stands about 67 inches (1.7 metres) at the shoulder and can weigh up to 1,980 pounds (900 kilograms). After this they will go off and join a male or female herd. I arrowed a big bull eland in 2014. The study conformed the chromosome numbers of both the eland and the kudu and the strangeness of their attached Y chromosomes. [3], The common eland is the slowest antelope, with a peak speed of 40 kilometres (25 mi) per hour that tires them quickly. Common elands are also pictured as supporters in the coat of arms of Grootfontein, Namibia. The tail is 50–90 cm (20–35 in) long. They have a body length between 2.2 and 3.45 m (7.2 - 11.3 ft), a tail length of 90 cms (35 inches), and they weigh between 300 and 1,000 kgs (660 - 2,210 lbs). Mating may occur anytime after reaching sexual maturity, but is mostly seen in the rainy season. For the most part they browse (eat leaves) but when it is dry in winter they mat graze (eat grasses). . Located in the sub-Saharan savanna biome of east and southern Africa, the study used methods like analysis of mitochondrial DNA control-region fragments from 122 individuals to learn more about various topics, such as the phylogeography, genetic diversity, demographic history of the species. His buddies were seen running further away. Elands produce antibodies for Brucella bacteria, but none for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis or various types of pneumonia like contagious bovine pneumonia and contagious caprine pneumonia, normally infectious in cows or antelopes.[3]. Habits: Live in groups of up to 1000. Elands are capable of jumping up to 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) from a standing start when startled[13] (up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) for young elands). Tragos is Greek for a male goat, and refers to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear which resembles a goat's beard.. Bulls may also have a series of vertical white stripes on their sides (mainly in parts of the Karoo in South Africa). Usually, a female chooses the most dominant and fit male to mate with. Juvenile elands are more vulnerable than adults to their predators.[3]. Elands feed during the night in hot weather and sleep for long periods during the day. As males age, their coat becomes more grey. The scientific name of the giant eland is Taurotragus derbianus, derived from three words: tauros, tragos, and derbianus.Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock. A male can mate with a number of females. 245 108. However, there is a low density of elands in Africa due to poaching and human settlement. Males use their horns during rutting season to wrestle and butt heads with rivals, while females use their horns to protect their young from predators. [15] The sound carries some distance from a herd, and may be a form of communication. Male eland can weigh up to 2,200 pounds. Eland are predominantly a reddish fawn to tawny colour, but usually darken with age. Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. They are conserved by the United States Endangered Species Act, and regulated in international trade by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. A MATURE ELAND BULL HAS AN AVERAGE: SHOULDER HEIGHT: 67 INCHES WEIGHS: 1500 - 2000 POUNDS HORN LENGTH: 33 INCHES SCI MINIMUM SCORE 77 INCHES (Length of both horns + circumference of bases). Older mature males can weigh up to one ton and can be very difficult to bring down. A mature bull can weigh over a ton, having a thick neck, hump, and a dewlap reminiscent of a Brahma bull. The hybrid produced was sterile, which was unexpected before the study. The nursery and juvenile group is naturally formed when females give birth to calves. They are smart, shifty and elusive! Photo: Johan Van der Vyver, Cape eland old bull . Weaning occurs at six months old. Large antelope can survive on lower quality food in times of little rain. Downloaded on 14 May 2020. Several years ago, I took one such specimen largely exceeding that weight. They roam in herds of up to 500. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. Herds of eland will often associate with zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. 590 to 997 kilograms (1,300 to 2,200 pounds) Size. Also plan for several R000's for having the trophy done at a good Taxidermy. Eland Trophy Fees. The population is, however, gradually decreasing due to habitat loss, caused by expanding human settlements and poaching for its superior meat. The common eland has been domesticated in South Africa and Russia. [24], Common elands communicate via gestures, vocalizations, scent cues and display behaviors. [28] Using ground counts and aerial surveys, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) calculates the population density of the common eland to be between 0.05 and 1 per square kilometre with a total population estimate of 136,000. [4] Tragos is Greek for a male goat, referring to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear and its resemblance to a goat's beard. It's relatively small due to poor nutrition. Most of their water is obtained from their food, though they will drink water when available. An extinct ancestor of the common eland (Taurotragus arkelli) appears in the Pleistocene in northern Tanzania and the first T. oryx fossil appears in the Holocene in Algeria. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Autotrophic Organism. [3] It was scientifically described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1766. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. Under the throat is a dewlap (a fold of skin). It is also the largest antelope with spiraled horns. Common elands form herds of up to 500 animals, but are not territorial. There are no doubt bulls that will reach, or exceed, 500 kg but those are very much exceptions to the rule. This was believed to be due to the absence of male kudus in the herd. Both the Bulls and the cows have horns, but the bulls’ horns are more robust and thicker. Reports state that repeated matings of male elands with domestic (Bos primigenius) and zebu cows (Bos indicus) have also produced sterile hybrids. They may remain separated from the herd for 24 hours until they are ready to return to the herd. The massive, tan-coloured, common eland is related to kudus and other spiral-horned antelope species. [30] As they are docile and inactive most of the time, they can easily be killed. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. Weight. This is supplemented with forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, tubers and seeds. The species extends north into Ethiopia and most arid zones of South Sudan, west into eastern Angola and Namibia, and south to South Africa. The common eland is the world’s second largest antelope species. [13] Apart from a rough mane, the coat is smooth. Mating may occur anytime. During estrus, mainly in the rainy season, groups tend to form more regularly. They are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller than the males. The scientific name taurotragus oryx comes from Greek. If you want Eland meat then shoot a young bull at a R/kg price and you get a +- 120 kg carcass with very good meat. The Livingstone Eland Bull, Cape Eland's Northern counterpart, has a similar weight of 650-910 kg: Source: Bovids of the World: Antelopes, Gazelles, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, and … It is native to Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe but is no longer present in Burundi. Most of the time they are concealed than moving around with their mothers. [14] The horns of males are thicker and shorter than those of females (males' horns are 43–66 centimetres (17–26 in) long and females' are 51–69 centimetres (20–27 in) long), and have a tighter spiral. Females are sometimes less than half the weight … Females are smaller than males. When eland bulls walk, their fore legs make a distinct clicking sound. They also test the female's urine. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The male groups are the smallest; the members stay together and search for food or water sources. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. An eland hunt in South Afric a with African Sky Hunting. derbianus). INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: The largest of the Spiral Horned family in South Africa. Eland, (genus Taurotragus), either of two very large, oxlike African antelopes of the spiral-horned antelope tribe (Tragelaphini, family Bovidae), which also includes the bushbuck and the kudus. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. This has led to some Southern African farmers switching from cattle to eland. The common eland prefers habitats with a wide variety of flowering plants such as savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands; it avoids dense forests. A must-have in your trophy collection, South Africa's Cape Eland typically weighs between 1000-2000 pounds, but it can weigh up to 2 000 pounds. The horns are visible as small buds in newborns and grow rapidly during the first seven months. The heaviest eland bull I've ever weighed dressed out at 440kg. [20] Elands do, however, avoid forests, swamps and deserts. [3], Eland herds are accompanied by a loud clicking sound that has been subject to considerable speculation. Most trophy bulls dress out between 370 and 400 kg. A female can produce up to 7 kilograms (15 lb) of milk per day that is richer in milkfat than cow milk. Weight 460 - 1000kg. Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock, meaning the same as the Latin taurus. The mother leaves her herd to give birth. Males will test the females urine and chase them to see if they are in season. Mojave 555. Olle Bexander comes in at number 11 with this bull taken in 2000 with Fred Duckworth Safaris. Females have a tan coat, while the coats of males are darker, with a bluish-grey tinge. Protected areas that support major populations include Omo (Ethiopia), Serengeti, Katavi, Ruaha and Selous-Kilombero (Tanzania), Kafue and North Luangwa (Zambia), Nyika (Malawi), Etosha (Namibia), Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (Botswana/South Africa) and Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park (South Africa). A young eland bull encountered while hunting in Namibia. [21], They live on home ranges that can be 200–400 km2 for females and juveniles and 50 km2 for males. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. [3] In southern Africa common elands will often associate with herds of zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. However, they are still pretty hefty, weighing up to 600 kg. [3] They require a high-protein diet of succulent leaves from flowering plants but will consume lower quality plant material if available including forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, seeds and tubers. [16] Common elands are sometimes considered part of the genus Tragelaphus on the basis of molecular phylogenetics, but are usually categorized as Taurotragus, along with the giant eland (T. 50% of the elands in Africa live in protected reserves. Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (… [20] Females have a gestation period of 9 months, and give birth to only one calf each time. [20] Mating begins when elands gather to feed on lush green plains with plentiful grass, and some males and females start mating with each other in separate pairs. Eland hunting will result in a larger trophy than both kudu and roan antelope. The common eland hunted in Southern Africa is the world's second largest species of antelope. Soap Note Practice Scenarios, Abraham Lake Weather 14 Day, Gas Stove 3 Burner, Board And Train Pros And Cons, Cetaphil Baby Wash Watson, Lawn Master Riding Mower, Cool Text Symbols, Braised Bamboo Shoots, Music Man St Vincent Black, San Saba Popcorn, Ashes Quest Hunter, " /> 2.0.CO;2, "Husbandry Guidelines For The Common Eland", "A long‐standing Pleistocene refugium in southern Africa and a mosaic of refugia in East Africa: insights from mtDNA and the common eland antelope", "The Living Africa: Wildlife – Bovid Family – Common Eland", "Taurotragus oryx (Common eland)-Ontogeny and Reproduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_eland&oldid=985311716, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Distribution of the common eland over the, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:44. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. [3], Housing common elands is difficult due to their ability to jump over fences as high as 3 metres (9.8 ft) or simply break through using their substantial mass. Weights range from 300-600kg (660-1,320lb) for females. Down their sides are vertical white stripes. Predators of the eland include lions, wild dogs, cheetahs and spotted hyenas. During the heat of the day they rest. Etymology. The calves start befriending each other and stay back in the nursery group while the mother returns to the female group. Standing at 76 inches (1.7 meters) at shoulder-height, makes it the largest Southern African antelope. If it available they will drink water though. When a predator is spotted the bull in the group will bark and walk back and forth to alert other elands of the danger. They also use their horns to break off branches that are hard to reach. Relatively large numbers of common eland now live on private land, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, reflecting its value as a trophy animal. [22][23], Common elands are nomadic and crepuscular. Eland Facts: The Common Eland, or Southern Eland, (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. Both species have a pair of tightly spiraled horns coming out of the head. Bullets, however, can and do fail in practice. Common elands have also been widely domesticated in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Kenya, as well as in Russia and Ukraine.[32][33]. 73 Year Old Alaskan Scores a 73 inch Giant – A Record Breaking Alaskan Bull Moose. The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. [26] Their need for water is quite low because they produce urine with a high-urea content, but they require a substantial grazing area, along with salt licks and large amounts of supplementary foods like maize, sorghum, melons and beans which can be expensive. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. The common eland is crepuscular. It measures 135 4/8″. Mainly an herbivore, its diet is primarily grasses and leaves. [12], Their coat differs geographically, with elands in northern part of their range having distinctive markings (torso stripes, markings on legs, dark garters and a spinal crest) that are absent in the south. [27], Common elands are resistant to trypanosomiasis, a protozoan infection that has the tsetse fly as a vector, but not to the Rhipicephalus-transmitted disease theileriosis. 2) If you want a trophy and you have the money and you have not shot one before then go for the 400 kg bull but don't expect soft succulent meat. Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. If you pick up a fresh bull spoor in the early morning, your chances of catching up to him in the late afternoon are quite good. It uses loud barks, visual and postural movements and the flehmen response to communicate and warn others of danger. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22055A50196938.en. Their home range is between 200 and 400km2 (77.2-154.4mi2) for females and their young with males having smaller ranges of about 50km2 (19.3mi2). It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. [23] The dominant male can mate with more than one female. The flehmen response also occurs, primarily in males in response to contact with female urine or genitals. However, they can maintain a 22 kilometres (14 mi) per hour trot indefinitely. At the shoulder they stand 150-183cm (59-72in) tall). Apart from the rough black mane their coat is smooth. Sometimes, wild eland will break through enclosures to mix with domesticated ones. Here they can be found in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and South Africa. We’ll blame it on the post-baby weight. [3] If eland bulls find any of their predators nearby, they will bark and attempt to attract the attention of others by trotting back and forth until the entire herd is conscious of the danger. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb),[11] are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. The first members of the tribe Tragelaphini appear 6 million years in the past during the late Miocene. IUCN Conservation Status: Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern (LR/lc). Males are larger than females measuring 240-345cm (59-72in) from the snout to the start of the tail. Eland are also hosts to several kinds of ticks. I've seen too many good hits with 300-grain bullets carrying in excess of 3,000 f-p energy fail to knock … It is 2–4 hours before a female allows a male to mount. Non-hunting guests may accompany the hunter for an additional $100 per day which covers lodging, meals and amenities as well. Bull eland can grow to 5’6” at the shoulder. Common eland are found throughout Southern Africa. The eland is the largest of a number of related species, characterized by spiralling horns and vertical cream-coloured stripes along the flanks and haunches. Once the leaves start to turn and the air gets a bit more crisp, thousands of hunters find themselves in the Alaskan backcountry in hopes of finding a legal bull moose to fill their freezers, let alone a record breaking Alaskan bull moose to remember for years to come. They roam in herds of up to 500. On top of a males head their fur is quite dense. It is a species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus. While the common eland's population is decreasing, it is classified as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). At the tip of the tail is a tuft of black fur. The disease-causing bacteria Theileria taurotragi has caused many eland deaths. Females have a complex linear hierarchy. That enormous male had only one horn, the other having been broken maybe in a fight with another male opponent. On some occasions males will engage in fights using their horns. They are commonly found in herds of up to 500, with individual members remaining in the herd anywhere from several hours to several months. [3][20][23] The eland can conserve water by increasing its body temperature. Herds of eland will often associate with. [26], Females are sexually mature at 15–36 months and males at 4–5 years. It was borrowed earlier as ellan (French) in the 1610s or Elend (German). The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. It is the second largest antelope in the world, being slightly smaller on average than the giant eland. [1] Most of these populations appear to be stable. They also communicate through the smells in their urine. The conclusions strongly supported the presence of a longer-standing population in the south and a mosaic of Pleistocene refugia in the east. He can weigh in at over 2 000 pounds. The majority of their diet is made up of high protein succulent leaves from flowering plants. The average male eland weight is between a whopping 400 and 940 kilograms.. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The pleasant-tasting milk has a butterfat content of 11-17% and can be stored for up to eight months if properly prepared, versus several days for cow milk. The places inhabited by elands generally contain Acacia, Combretum, Commiphora, Diospyros, Grewia, Rhus and Ziziphus trees and shrubs; some of these also serve as their food. A large old bull can weigh in at over 900Kg (2000lbs). The common eland is sometimes farmed and hunted for its meat, and in some cases can be better used than cattle because it is more suited to African climates. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. Page 2 of 16. An average weight for a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 492kg (882-2,077lb). They are spiral-horned antelopes. This results in fights between males, in which their hard horns are used. [6], The name 'eland' is Dutch for "elk" or "moose". Currently, common elands are not endangered. They need less water than normal cows and the milk produced is richer in milkfat. Twycross Zoo Rhino Has a Party for His Third Birthday, Watch as Toronto Zoo Zebra Foal is Born on Video, Mini Monkeys are the Latest Arrivals at Chester Zoo. Their size makes the eland the slowest antelope, with a max speed of 40 mph; despite their “lack” of speed they can actually jump 9ft. [3] Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Both sexes have a signature square profile – accentuated in the bull by a large dewlap – and straight horns that are longer and narrower in the female. [3], In 2010, a genetic study was made basing on the evolutionary history of common elands. Description: The Largest of the African antelope, an adult eland bull stands about 67 inches (1.7 metres) at the shoulder and can weigh up to 1,980 pounds (900 kilograms). After this they will go off and join a male or female herd. I arrowed a big bull eland in 2014. The study conformed the chromosome numbers of both the eland and the kudu and the strangeness of their attached Y chromosomes. [3], The common eland is the slowest antelope, with a peak speed of 40 kilometres (25 mi) per hour that tires them quickly. Common elands are also pictured as supporters in the coat of arms of Grootfontein, Namibia. The tail is 50–90 cm (20–35 in) long. They have a body length between 2.2 and 3.45 m (7.2 - 11.3 ft), a tail length of 90 cms (35 inches), and they weigh between 300 and 1,000 kgs (660 - 2,210 lbs). Mating may occur anytime after reaching sexual maturity, but is mostly seen in the rainy season. For the most part they browse (eat leaves) but when it is dry in winter they mat graze (eat grasses). . Located in the sub-Saharan savanna biome of east and southern Africa, the study used methods like analysis of mitochondrial DNA control-region fragments from 122 individuals to learn more about various topics, such as the phylogeography, genetic diversity, demographic history of the species. His buddies were seen running further away. Elands produce antibodies for Brucella bacteria, but none for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis or various types of pneumonia like contagious bovine pneumonia and contagious caprine pneumonia, normally infectious in cows or antelopes.[3]. Habits: Live in groups of up to 1000. Elands are capable of jumping up to 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) from a standing start when startled[13] (up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) for young elands). Tragos is Greek for a male goat, and refers to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear which resembles a goat's beard.. Bulls may also have a series of vertical white stripes on their sides (mainly in parts of the Karoo in South Africa). Usually, a female chooses the most dominant and fit male to mate with. Juvenile elands are more vulnerable than adults to their predators.[3]. Elands feed during the night in hot weather and sleep for long periods during the day. As males age, their coat becomes more grey. The scientific name of the giant eland is Taurotragus derbianus, derived from three words: tauros, tragos, and derbianus.Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock. A male can mate with a number of females. 245 108. However, there is a low density of elands in Africa due to poaching and human settlement. Males use their horns during rutting season to wrestle and butt heads with rivals, while females use their horns to protect their young from predators. [15] The sound carries some distance from a herd, and may be a form of communication. Male eland can weigh up to 2,200 pounds. Eland are predominantly a reddish fawn to tawny colour, but usually darken with age. Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. They are conserved by the United States Endangered Species Act, and regulated in international trade by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. A MATURE ELAND BULL HAS AN AVERAGE: SHOULDER HEIGHT: 67 INCHES WEIGHS: 1500 - 2000 POUNDS HORN LENGTH: 33 INCHES SCI MINIMUM SCORE 77 INCHES (Length of both horns + circumference of bases). Older mature males can weigh up to one ton and can be very difficult to bring down. A mature bull can weigh over a ton, having a thick neck, hump, and a dewlap reminiscent of a Brahma bull. The hybrid produced was sterile, which was unexpected before the study. The nursery and juvenile group is naturally formed when females give birth to calves. They are smart, shifty and elusive! Photo: Johan Van der Vyver, Cape eland old bull . Weaning occurs at six months old. Large antelope can survive on lower quality food in times of little rain. Downloaded on 14 May 2020. Several years ago, I took one such specimen largely exceeding that weight. They roam in herds of up to 500. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. Herds of eland will often associate with zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. 590 to 997 kilograms (1,300 to 2,200 pounds) Size. Also plan for several R000's for having the trophy done at a good Taxidermy. Eland Trophy Fees. The population is, however, gradually decreasing due to habitat loss, caused by expanding human settlements and poaching for its superior meat. The common eland has been domesticated in South Africa and Russia. [24], Common elands communicate via gestures, vocalizations, scent cues and display behaviors. [28] Using ground counts and aerial surveys, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) calculates the population density of the common eland to be between 0.05 and 1 per square kilometre with a total population estimate of 136,000. [4] Tragos is Greek for a male goat, referring to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear and its resemblance to a goat's beard. It's relatively small due to poor nutrition. Most of their water is obtained from their food, though they will drink water when available. An extinct ancestor of the common eland (Taurotragus arkelli) appears in the Pleistocene in northern Tanzania and the first T. oryx fossil appears in the Holocene in Algeria. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Autotrophic Organism. [3] It was scientifically described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1766. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. Under the throat is a dewlap (a fold of skin). It is also the largest antelope with spiraled horns. Common elands form herds of up to 500 animals, but are not territorial. There are no doubt bulls that will reach, or exceed, 500 kg but those are very much exceptions to the rule. This was believed to be due to the absence of male kudus in the herd. Both the Bulls and the cows have horns, but the bulls’ horns are more robust and thicker. Reports state that repeated matings of male elands with domestic (Bos primigenius) and zebu cows (Bos indicus) have also produced sterile hybrids. They may remain separated from the herd for 24 hours until they are ready to return to the herd. The massive, tan-coloured, common eland is related to kudus and other spiral-horned antelope species. [30] As they are docile and inactive most of the time, they can easily be killed. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. Weight. This is supplemented with forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, tubers and seeds. The species extends north into Ethiopia and most arid zones of South Sudan, west into eastern Angola and Namibia, and south to South Africa. The common eland is the world’s second largest antelope species. [13] Apart from a rough mane, the coat is smooth. Mating may occur anytime. During estrus, mainly in the rainy season, groups tend to form more regularly. They are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller than the males. The scientific name taurotragus oryx comes from Greek. If you want Eland meat then shoot a young bull at a R/kg price and you get a +- 120 kg carcass with very good meat. The Livingstone Eland Bull, Cape Eland's Northern counterpart, has a similar weight of 650-910 kg: Source: Bovids of the World: Antelopes, Gazelles, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, and … It is native to Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe but is no longer present in Burundi. Most of the time they are concealed than moving around with their mothers. [14] The horns of males are thicker and shorter than those of females (males' horns are 43–66 centimetres (17–26 in) long and females' are 51–69 centimetres (20–27 in) long), and have a tighter spiral. Females are sometimes less than half the weight … Females are smaller than males. When eland bulls walk, their fore legs make a distinct clicking sound. They also test the female's urine. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The male groups are the smallest; the members stay together and search for food or water sources. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. An eland hunt in South Afric a with African Sky Hunting. derbianus). INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: The largest of the Spiral Horned family in South Africa. Eland, (genus Taurotragus), either of two very large, oxlike African antelopes of the spiral-horned antelope tribe (Tragelaphini, family Bovidae), which also includes the bushbuck and the kudus. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. This has led to some Southern African farmers switching from cattle to eland. The common eland prefers habitats with a wide variety of flowering plants such as savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands; it avoids dense forests. A must-have in your trophy collection, South Africa's Cape Eland typically weighs between 1000-2000 pounds, but it can weigh up to 2 000 pounds. The horns are visible as small buds in newborns and grow rapidly during the first seven months. The heaviest eland bull I've ever weighed dressed out at 440kg. [20] Elands do, however, avoid forests, swamps and deserts. [3], Eland herds are accompanied by a loud clicking sound that has been subject to considerable speculation. Most trophy bulls dress out between 370 and 400 kg. A female can produce up to 7 kilograms (15 lb) of milk per day that is richer in milkfat than cow milk. Weight 460 - 1000kg. Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock, meaning the same as the Latin taurus. The mother leaves her herd to give birth. Males will test the females urine and chase them to see if they are in season. Mojave 555. Olle Bexander comes in at number 11 with this bull taken in 2000 with Fred Duckworth Safaris. Females have a tan coat, while the coats of males are darker, with a bluish-grey tinge. Protected areas that support major populations include Omo (Ethiopia), Serengeti, Katavi, Ruaha and Selous-Kilombero (Tanzania), Kafue and North Luangwa (Zambia), Nyika (Malawi), Etosha (Namibia), Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (Botswana/South Africa) and Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park (South Africa). A young eland bull encountered while hunting in Namibia. [21], They live on home ranges that can be 200–400 km2 for females and juveniles and 50 km2 for males. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. [3] In southern Africa common elands will often associate with herds of zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. However, they are still pretty hefty, weighing up to 600 kg. [3] They require a high-protein diet of succulent leaves from flowering plants but will consume lower quality plant material if available including forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, seeds and tubers. [16] Common elands are sometimes considered part of the genus Tragelaphus on the basis of molecular phylogenetics, but are usually categorized as Taurotragus, along with the giant eland (T. 50% of the elands in Africa live in protected reserves. Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (… [20] Females have a gestation period of 9 months, and give birth to only one calf each time. [20] Mating begins when elands gather to feed on lush green plains with plentiful grass, and some males and females start mating with each other in separate pairs. Eland hunting will result in a larger trophy than both kudu and roan antelope. The common eland hunted in Southern Africa is the world's second largest species of antelope. 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eland bull weight

2016. They eat in the morning and evening, rest in shade when hot and remain in sunlight when cold. Both bulls and cows sport a set of horns that twist from the base to the tip. In Dutch the animal is called "Eland antelope" to distinguish it from the moose, which is found in the northern boreal forests. Common elands have a mild temperament and have been successfully domesticated for meat and milk production in South Africa and Russia. Mainly browsers but do occasionally graze, they love wild fruit. Females will urinate to indicate fertility during the appropriate phase of their estrous cycle, as well as to indicate their lack of fertility when harassed by males. A ... (Spanish) Fighting Bull Giant Eland v Iberian (Spanish) Fighting Bull. He and his two friends ran about 40 yards and disappeared behind some brush. They are not territorial and have large home ranges. The common eland is used by humans for leather, meat, and rich, nutritious milk, and has been domesticated in many areas. It is believed that today their extinction from these parts could be due to colonization. The males horns reach 43-66cm (17-26in) long while females come in between 51 and 69cm (20-27in). The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. [17], Male elands and female greater kudus can produce a viable male hybrid, though it is not known if it is sterile. [10] Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. A fully grown bull may weigh 2,000 lb (900 kg). The male (Y) chromosome has been translocated to the short arm of an autosome. Shot was about 20 yds, broadside, and entered tight behind the right leg that was a bit forward. In Zambia, young are born in July and August, while elsewhere it is the mating season. Christopher Kinsey shows off his number 9 eland bull taken in 1991 with the help of Rudy Lubin of Haut Chinko Safari. Trophy Eland Bull: $7,950; Meat Eland (Cow or Young Bull): $3,500; Trophy Fee is in addition to $250 per day which covers All-Inclusive Hunt Package. [3] As they quickly adjust to the surroundings due to seasonal changes and other causes, they also change their feeding habits. Sometimes she runs away from males trying to mate, causing more attraction. [7] It has a Baltic source similar to the Lithuanian élnis, which means "deer". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. The scientific name of the common eland is Taurotragus oryx, composed of three words: tauros, tragos and oryx. Nine months after mating the female gives birth to a single calf. Males chase the females to find out if they are in estrus. The cow, which is usually much smaller, weighs around 1100lbs and measures around 4,8 feet. The tail is 50–90 cm (20–35 in) long. Eland can be found in many National Parks and reserves today, including Nairobi National Park and Tsavo East National Park, Tsavo West National Park, Masai Mara National Reserve, (Kenya); Serengeti National Park, Ruaha National Park and Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, (Tanzania); Kagera National Park (Rwanda); Nyika National Park (Malawi); Lake Mburo National Park (Uganda); Kidepo Valley National Park (Uganda); Luangwa Valley and Kafue National Park (Zambia); Hwange National Park, Matobo National Park, Tuli Safari Area and Chimanimani Eland Sanctuary (Zimbabwe); Kruger National Park, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Giant's Castle and Suikerbosrand NR (South Africa). The calves leave the nursery group when they are at least two years old and join a male or female group. [5] Oryx is Latin and Greek (generally orygos) for pickaxe, referring to the pointed horns of North African antelopes like the common eland and scimitar-horned oryx. Bow was 70 pounds, 450 gr arrow with 125 Slick trick and I got a pass through. 2016. [3] Both the X and Y replicate late; they do not match well and are variable. They will avoid forests, swamps and deserts. Tauros means a bull, tragos means a he-goat and oryx mean a gazelle or antelope. [8][9] When Dutch settlers came to the Cape Province, they named it after the large, herbivorous moose. It does not need to be stored in a fridge and can last for up to eight months when properly prepared instead of a few days. Nyala; Bushbuck, and; Kudu; Eland are, in spite of their size, extremely agile and … [3] Husbandry requires care because the generally placid animals startle easily and require large amounts of space. Adult males can easily weigh up to one ton. [12], The common eland was first described in 1766 by the German zoologist and botanist Peter Simon Pallas. The eland is featured on the coat of arms of Grootfontein in Namibia. However, it has the endurance to maintain a trot indefinitely and can jump a 1.5 meter (4 feet) fence from a standstill. The chromosomes resemble those of the greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros). [20] They travel the grassy plains in wet periods and prefer bushy areas in dry periods. Bulls weigh 882–2,077 pounds and stand 59–72 inches at the shoulder. It’s been theorized that this sound is made by a tendon in the leg sliding over a leg bone and making a sound like a guitar string being plucked. An adult male is around 1.6 metres (5') tall at the shoulder (females are 20 centimetres (8") shorter) and can weigh up to 942 kg (2,077 lb) with an average of 500–600 kg (1,100–1,300 lb), 340–445 kg (750–981 lb) for females). https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22055A50196938.en. Males also have dense fur on their foreheads and a large dewlap on their throats. If they need to conserve water they may increase their body temperature. The Cape eland is southern Africa's largest antelope. An accidental crossing of an east African common eland (T. o. pattersonianus') with an east African kudu (T. s. bea) occurred in the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb), are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. [3], Three subspecies of common eland have been recognized, though their validity has been in dispute. [1][2][3][10][14], Male elands have 31 diploid chromosomes and females have 32. The Common Eland stands around two metres at the shoulder and weighs 275 kilograms (600 lb) to a tonne (2,200 lb). [25] Grasses the eland eats include Setaria and Themeda and fruits from Securinega and Strychnos. The female group is much larger and covers greater areas. [10], International Union for Conservation of Nature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, 10.1644/1545-1410(2002)689<0001:TO>2.0.CO;2, "Husbandry Guidelines For The Common Eland", "A long‐standing Pleistocene refugium in southern Africa and a mosaic of refugia in East Africa: insights from mtDNA and the common eland antelope", "The Living Africa: Wildlife – Bovid Family – Common Eland", "Taurotragus oryx (Common eland)-Ontogeny and Reproduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_eland&oldid=985311716, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Distribution of the common eland over the, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:44. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. [3], Housing common elands is difficult due to their ability to jump over fences as high as 3 metres (9.8 ft) or simply break through using their substantial mass. Weights range from 300-600kg (660-1,320lb) for females. Down their sides are vertical white stripes. Predators of the eland include lions, wild dogs, cheetahs and spotted hyenas. During the heat of the day they rest. Etymology. The calves start befriending each other and stay back in the nursery group while the mother returns to the female group. Standing at 76 inches (1.7 meters) at shoulder-height, makes it the largest Southern African antelope. If it available they will drink water though. When a predator is spotted the bull in the group will bark and walk back and forth to alert other elands of the danger. They also use their horns to break off branches that are hard to reach. Relatively large numbers of common eland now live on private land, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, reflecting its value as a trophy animal. [22][23], Common elands are nomadic and crepuscular. Eland Facts: The Common Eland, or Southern Eland, (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. Both species have a pair of tightly spiraled horns coming out of the head. Bullets, however, can and do fail in practice. Common elands have also been widely domesticated in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Kenya, as well as in Russia and Ukraine.[32][33]. 73 Year Old Alaskan Scores a 73 inch Giant – A Record Breaking Alaskan Bull Moose. The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. [26] Their need for water is quite low because they produce urine with a high-urea content, but they require a substantial grazing area, along with salt licks and large amounts of supplementary foods like maize, sorghum, melons and beans which can be expensive. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. The common eland is crepuscular. It measures 135 4/8″. Mainly an herbivore, its diet is primarily grasses and leaves. [12], Their coat differs geographically, with elands in northern part of their range having distinctive markings (torso stripes, markings on legs, dark garters and a spinal crest) that are absent in the south. [27], Common elands are resistant to trypanosomiasis, a protozoan infection that has the tsetse fly as a vector, but not to the Rhipicephalus-transmitted disease theileriosis. 2) If you want a trophy and you have the money and you have not shot one before then go for the 400 kg bull but don't expect soft succulent meat. Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. If you pick up a fresh bull spoor in the early morning, your chances of catching up to him in the late afternoon are quite good. It uses loud barks, visual and postural movements and the flehmen response to communicate and warn others of danger. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22055A50196938.en. Their home range is between 200 and 400km2 (77.2-154.4mi2) for females and their young with males having smaller ranges of about 50km2 (19.3mi2). It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. [23] The dominant male can mate with more than one female. The flehmen response also occurs, primarily in males in response to contact with female urine or genitals. However, they can maintain a 22 kilometres (14 mi) per hour trot indefinitely. At the shoulder they stand 150-183cm (59-72in) tall). Apart from the rough black mane their coat is smooth. Sometimes, wild eland will break through enclosures to mix with domesticated ones. Here they can be found in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and South Africa. We’ll blame it on the post-baby weight. [3] If eland bulls find any of their predators nearby, they will bark and attempt to attract the attention of others by trotting back and forth until the entire herd is conscious of the danger. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb),[11] are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. The first members of the tribe Tragelaphini appear 6 million years in the past during the late Miocene. IUCN Conservation Status: Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern (LR/lc). Males are larger than females measuring 240-345cm (59-72in) from the snout to the start of the tail. Eland are also hosts to several kinds of ticks. I've seen too many good hits with 300-grain bullets carrying in excess of 3,000 f-p energy fail to knock … It is 2–4 hours before a female allows a male to mount. Non-hunting guests may accompany the hunter for an additional $100 per day which covers lodging, meals and amenities as well. Bull eland can grow to 5’6” at the shoulder. Common eland are found throughout Southern Africa. The eland is the largest of a number of related species, characterized by spiralling horns and vertical cream-coloured stripes along the flanks and haunches. Once the leaves start to turn and the air gets a bit more crisp, thousands of hunters find themselves in the Alaskan backcountry in hopes of finding a legal bull moose to fill their freezers, let alone a record breaking Alaskan bull moose to remember for years to come. They roam in herds of up to 500. On top of a males head their fur is quite dense. It is a species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus. While the common eland's population is decreasing, it is classified as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). At the tip of the tail is a tuft of black fur. The disease-causing bacteria Theileria taurotragi has caused many eland deaths. Females have a complex linear hierarchy. That enormous male had only one horn, the other having been broken maybe in a fight with another male opponent. On some occasions males will engage in fights using their horns. They are commonly found in herds of up to 500, with individual members remaining in the herd anywhere from several hours to several months. [3][20][23] The eland can conserve water by increasing its body temperature. Herds of eland will often associate with. [26], Females are sexually mature at 15–36 months and males at 4–5 years. It was borrowed earlier as ellan (French) in the 1610s or Elend (German). The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. It is the second largest antelope in the world, being slightly smaller on average than the giant eland. [1] Most of these populations appear to be stable. They also communicate through the smells in their urine. The conclusions strongly supported the presence of a longer-standing population in the south and a mosaic of Pleistocene refugia in the east. He can weigh in at over 2 000 pounds. The majority of their diet is made up of high protein succulent leaves from flowering plants. The average male eland weight is between a whopping 400 and 940 kilograms.. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The pleasant-tasting milk has a butterfat content of 11-17% and can be stored for up to eight months if properly prepared, versus several days for cow milk. The places inhabited by elands generally contain Acacia, Combretum, Commiphora, Diospyros, Grewia, Rhus and Ziziphus trees and shrubs; some of these also serve as their food. A large old bull can weigh in at over 900Kg (2000lbs). The common eland is sometimes farmed and hunted for its meat, and in some cases can be better used than cattle because it is more suited to African climates. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. Page 2 of 16. An average weight for a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 492kg (882-2,077lb). They are spiral-horned antelopes. This results in fights between males, in which their hard horns are used. [6], The name 'eland' is Dutch for "elk" or "moose". Currently, common elands are not endangered. They need less water than normal cows and the milk produced is richer in milkfat. Twycross Zoo Rhino Has a Party for His Third Birthday, Watch as Toronto Zoo Zebra Foal is Born on Video, Mini Monkeys are the Latest Arrivals at Chester Zoo. Their size makes the eland the slowest antelope, with a max speed of 40 mph; despite their “lack” of speed they can actually jump 9ft. [3] Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Both sexes have a signature square profile – accentuated in the bull by a large dewlap – and straight horns that are longer and narrower in the female. [3], In 2010, a genetic study was made basing on the evolutionary history of common elands. Description: The Largest of the African antelope, an adult eland bull stands about 67 inches (1.7 metres) at the shoulder and can weigh up to 1,980 pounds (900 kilograms). After this they will go off and join a male or female herd. I arrowed a big bull eland in 2014. The study conformed the chromosome numbers of both the eland and the kudu and the strangeness of their attached Y chromosomes. [3], The common eland is the slowest antelope, with a peak speed of 40 kilometres (25 mi) per hour that tires them quickly. Common elands are also pictured as supporters in the coat of arms of Grootfontein, Namibia. The tail is 50–90 cm (20–35 in) long. They have a body length between 2.2 and 3.45 m (7.2 - 11.3 ft), a tail length of 90 cms (35 inches), and they weigh between 300 and 1,000 kgs (660 - 2,210 lbs). Mating may occur anytime after reaching sexual maturity, but is mostly seen in the rainy season. For the most part they browse (eat leaves) but when it is dry in winter they mat graze (eat grasses). . Located in the sub-Saharan savanna biome of east and southern Africa, the study used methods like analysis of mitochondrial DNA control-region fragments from 122 individuals to learn more about various topics, such as the phylogeography, genetic diversity, demographic history of the species. His buddies were seen running further away. Elands produce antibodies for Brucella bacteria, but none for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis or various types of pneumonia like contagious bovine pneumonia and contagious caprine pneumonia, normally infectious in cows or antelopes.[3]. Habits: Live in groups of up to 1000. Elands are capable of jumping up to 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) from a standing start when startled[13] (up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) for young elands). Tragos is Greek for a male goat, and refers to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear which resembles a goat's beard.. Bulls may also have a series of vertical white stripes on their sides (mainly in parts of the Karoo in South Africa). Usually, a female chooses the most dominant and fit male to mate with. Juvenile elands are more vulnerable than adults to their predators.[3]. Elands feed during the night in hot weather and sleep for long periods during the day. As males age, their coat becomes more grey. The scientific name of the giant eland is Taurotragus derbianus, derived from three words: tauros, tragos, and derbianus.Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock. A male can mate with a number of females. 245 108. However, there is a low density of elands in Africa due to poaching and human settlement. Males use their horns during rutting season to wrestle and butt heads with rivals, while females use their horns to protect their young from predators. [15] The sound carries some distance from a herd, and may be a form of communication. Male eland can weigh up to 2,200 pounds. Eland are predominantly a reddish fawn to tawny colour, but usually darken with age. Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. They are conserved by the United States Endangered Species Act, and regulated in international trade by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. A MATURE ELAND BULL HAS AN AVERAGE: SHOULDER HEIGHT: 67 INCHES WEIGHS: 1500 - 2000 POUNDS HORN LENGTH: 33 INCHES SCI MINIMUM SCORE 77 INCHES (Length of both horns + circumference of bases). Older mature males can weigh up to one ton and can be very difficult to bring down. A mature bull can weigh over a ton, having a thick neck, hump, and a dewlap reminiscent of a Brahma bull. The hybrid produced was sterile, which was unexpected before the study. The nursery and juvenile group is naturally formed when females give birth to calves. They are smart, shifty and elusive! Photo: Johan Van der Vyver, Cape eland old bull . Weaning occurs at six months old. Large antelope can survive on lower quality food in times of little rain. Downloaded on 14 May 2020. Several years ago, I took one such specimen largely exceeding that weight. They roam in herds of up to 500. Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. Herds of eland will often associate with zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. 590 to 997 kilograms (1,300 to 2,200 pounds) Size. Also plan for several R000's for having the trophy done at a good Taxidermy. Eland Trophy Fees. The population is, however, gradually decreasing due to habitat loss, caused by expanding human settlements and poaching for its superior meat. The common eland has been domesticated in South Africa and Russia. [24], Common elands communicate via gestures, vocalizations, scent cues and display behaviors. [28] Using ground counts and aerial surveys, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) calculates the population density of the common eland to be between 0.05 and 1 per square kilometre with a total population estimate of 136,000. [4] Tragos is Greek for a male goat, referring to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear and its resemblance to a goat's beard. It's relatively small due to poor nutrition. Most of their water is obtained from their food, though they will drink water when available. An extinct ancestor of the common eland (Taurotragus arkelli) appears in the Pleistocene in northern Tanzania and the first T. oryx fossil appears in the Holocene in Algeria. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Autotrophic Organism. [3] It was scientifically described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1766. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. Under the throat is a dewlap (a fold of skin). It is also the largest antelope with spiraled horns. Common elands form herds of up to 500 animals, but are not territorial. There are no doubt bulls that will reach, or exceed, 500 kg but those are very much exceptions to the rule. This was believed to be due to the absence of male kudus in the herd. Both the Bulls and the cows have horns, but the bulls’ horns are more robust and thicker. Reports state that repeated matings of male elands with domestic (Bos primigenius) and zebu cows (Bos indicus) have also produced sterile hybrids. They may remain separated from the herd for 24 hours until they are ready to return to the herd. The massive, tan-coloured, common eland is related to kudus and other spiral-horned antelope species. [30] As they are docile and inactive most of the time, they can easily be killed. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. Weight. This is supplemented with forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, tubers and seeds. The species extends north into Ethiopia and most arid zones of South Sudan, west into eastern Angola and Namibia, and south to South Africa. The common eland is the world’s second largest antelope species. [13] Apart from a rough mane, the coat is smooth. Mating may occur anytime. During estrus, mainly in the rainy season, groups tend to form more regularly. They are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller than the males. The scientific name taurotragus oryx comes from Greek. If you want Eland meat then shoot a young bull at a R/kg price and you get a +- 120 kg carcass with very good meat. The Livingstone Eland Bull, Cape Eland's Northern counterpart, has a similar weight of 650-910 kg: Source: Bovids of the World: Antelopes, Gazelles, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, and … It is native to Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe but is no longer present in Burundi. Most of the time they are concealed than moving around with their mothers. [14] The horns of males are thicker and shorter than those of females (males' horns are 43–66 centimetres (17–26 in) long and females' are 51–69 centimetres (20–27 in) long), and have a tighter spiral. Females are sometimes less than half the weight … Females are smaller than males. When eland bulls walk, their fore legs make a distinct clicking sound. They also test the female's urine. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). The male groups are the smallest; the members stay together and search for food or water sources. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. An eland hunt in South Afric a with African Sky Hunting. derbianus). INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: The largest of the Spiral Horned family in South Africa. Eland, (genus Taurotragus), either of two very large, oxlike African antelopes of the spiral-horned antelope tribe (Tragelaphini, family Bovidae), which also includes the bushbuck and the kudus. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. This has led to some Southern African farmers switching from cattle to eland. The common eland prefers habitats with a wide variety of flowering plants such as savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands; it avoids dense forests. A must-have in your trophy collection, South Africa's Cape Eland typically weighs between 1000-2000 pounds, but it can weigh up to 2 000 pounds. The horns are visible as small buds in newborns and grow rapidly during the first seven months. The heaviest eland bull I've ever weighed dressed out at 440kg. [20] Elands do, however, avoid forests, swamps and deserts. [3], Eland herds are accompanied by a loud clicking sound that has been subject to considerable speculation. Most trophy bulls dress out between 370 and 400 kg. A female can produce up to 7 kilograms (15 lb) of milk per day that is richer in milkfat than cow milk. Weight 460 - 1000kg. Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock, meaning the same as the Latin taurus. The mother leaves her herd to give birth. Males will test the females urine and chase them to see if they are in season. Mojave 555. Olle Bexander comes in at number 11 with this bull taken in 2000 with Fred Duckworth Safaris. Females have a tan coat, while the coats of males are darker, with a bluish-grey tinge. Protected areas that support major populations include Omo (Ethiopia), Serengeti, Katavi, Ruaha and Selous-Kilombero (Tanzania), Kafue and North Luangwa (Zambia), Nyika (Malawi), Etosha (Namibia), Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (Botswana/South Africa) and Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park (South Africa). A young eland bull encountered while hunting in Namibia. [21], They live on home ranges that can be 200–400 km2 for females and juveniles and 50 km2 for males. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. [3] In southern Africa common elands will often associate with herds of zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. However, they are still pretty hefty, weighing up to 600 kg. [3] They require a high-protein diet of succulent leaves from flowering plants but will consume lower quality plant material if available including forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, seeds and tubers. [16] Common elands are sometimes considered part of the genus Tragelaphus on the basis of molecular phylogenetics, but are usually categorized as Taurotragus, along with the giant eland (T. 50% of the elands in Africa live in protected reserves. Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (… [20] Females have a gestation period of 9 months, and give birth to only one calf each time. [20] Mating begins when elands gather to feed on lush green plains with plentiful grass, and some males and females start mating with each other in separate pairs. Eland hunting will result in a larger trophy than both kudu and roan antelope. The common eland hunted in Southern Africa is the world's second largest species of antelope.

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